By Christopher Dyer
Round 1500 England's society and financial system had reached a turning aspect. After a protracted interval of sluggish swap or even stagnation, an age of innovation and initiative was once in movement, with enclosure, voyages of discovery, and new applied sciences. It was once an age of fierce controversy, during which the govt. was once frightened of beggars and cautious of rebellions. The 'commonwealth' writers resembling Thomas extra have been sharply severe of the greed of revenue hungry landlords who dispossessed the terrible. This booklet is set a wool service provider and big scale farmer who epitomises in lots of methods the spirit of the interval.
John background stored an account ebook, from which we will reconstruct an entire society within the region of Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire. He took half within the elimination of a village which stood within the means of agricultural 'improvement', ran a wide scale sheep farm, and as a 'woolman' spent a lot time vacationing round the geographical region assembly with gentry, farmers, and peasants with a view to purchase their wool. He offered the fleeces he produced and people he amassed to London retailers who exported via Calais to the cloth cities of Flanders. The wool growers named within the publication will be studied of their local villages, and their lives may be reconstructed within the around, interacting of their groups, adapting their farming to new conditions, and arranging the development in their neighborhood churches.
A nation Merchant has many of the features of a biography, is an element relations historical past, and half neighborhood background, with a few panorama heritage. Dyer explores issues in monetary and social heritage with out neglecting the spiritual and cultural historical past. His imperative issues are to illustrate the significance of trade within the interval, and to teach the contribution of peasants to a altering economy.
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Extra resources for A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages
Brooks (eds), The Middling Sort of People: Culture, Society and Politics in England, 1550–1800 (Basingstoke, 1994), 28–51. 82 P. Slack, From Reformation to Improvement: Public Welfare in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1999). 83 J. Lee, ‘Urban Policy and Urban Political Culture: Henry VII and his Towns’, Historical Research, 82 (2009), 493–510; M. K. McIntosh, Working Women in English Society 1300–1620 (Cambridge, 2005), 37–42. 81 Introduction: Living in 1495–1520 21 teenth century, churchmen did not ﬁgure as prominently as was once the case in the consciousness of the articulate laymen.
Coleman, The British Paper Industry 1495–1860 (Oxford, 1958), 40–1; Sutton, Merchant Family, 22–5. The paper of which John Heritage’s account book was made can be shown from its watermark to have been manufactured in southern France or north Italy: A. ), C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes. Dictionnaire Historique des Marques du Papier (Amsterdam, 1968), 2, 567; 4, nos. 11136, 11137, 11139, 11140. 70 J. Munro, ‘Spanish Merino Wool and the Nouvelles Draperies: An Industrial Transformation in the Late Medieval Low Countries’, Ec.
Guild of Knowle, 80, 106; TNA: PRO, PROB 11/10, fo. 231v; PROB 11/25, fo. 73v; PROB 2/457; WGLS, 15–18; WAM 8365; AB, fo. 76v; Bowers, ‘Schooling of the Sons of Midland Gentry’. Family and Household: John Heritage and his Contemporaries 29 expected to exercise authority over them. In his will he instructed his executors not to hand over bequests to his younger sons if they were ‘wasters’ or of evil condition or disposition. Similarly, his daughters had to be ruled in their choice of marriage partners by ‘my executors and their friends’ (friends meaning relatives) or they would lose their bequest.