A New Practical Primer of Literary Chinese (Harvard East by Paul Rouzer

By Paul Rouzer

40 classes designed to introduce starting scholars to the fundamental styles and buildings of Classical chinese language are taken from a couple of pre-Han and Han texts chosen to provide scholars a grounding in exemplary Classical chinese language variety. extra classes use texts from later sessions to assist scholars relish the alterations in written chinese language over the centuries. each one lesson comprises a textual content, a vocabulary checklist that includes discussions of that means and utilization, causes of grammar, and explications of adverse passages. the normal sleek chinese language, eastern, and Korean pronunciations are indicated for every personality, making this a studying device for local audio system of these languages besides. Appendices supply feedback for extra readings, evaluation universal and demanding phrases, clarify the novel process, and supply jap kanbun readings for all of the choices. Glossaries of all vocabulary goods and pronunciation indexes for contemporary chinese language and Korean also are integrated.

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The respect later imperial scholars had for the Tang era meant that they continued to identify characters by their Tang tones, even as their own spoken tones changed. This could be a particularly difficult problem in poetry—since certain kinds of Chinese poetry prescribe the tones of the characters used in certain places, poets of later times had to compose using the rules of Tang tones, even though the poets themselves had never spoken that way at all. This would be an academic issue, were it not for the problem of characters with multiple pronunciations.

76. 事 M: shì J: ji ジ, koto こと, tsukaeru つかえる K: sa 사 C: sih 1. Thing, matter, affair, occupation, job. * 2. To serve, to work for; to employ, to have as a servant. In modern Chinese, 物(72) tends to apply to physical objects, whereas 事 applies to matters, affairs, and abstract things. This holds true to a certain extent in literary Chinese, but there is some confusion of the terms. Radical 6 (亅). 77. 成 M: chéng J: sei セイ. jō ジョウ, naru なる, nasu なす K: seong 성 C: sìhng To complete; to accomplish; to perfect; to become.

Is an example of a synonym compound—two words with roughly the same meaning put together, sometimes for emphasis, sometimes to create a symmetrical rhythm. Up to this point in the lesson text, the expression 而後 has been followed by a two-character phrase: first 仁義, then 孝子. Although the author could express his meaning here with only the character 慈, the symmetry of the phrases forces him to insert a synonym. Radical 61 (心). 66. 逆 M: nì J: gyaku ぎゃく, geki ゲキ, sakarau さからう K: yeok 역 C: yik To go against [the right], to be perverse, to go awry.

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