By Robert V. Remini
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Moreover, “Those who are taxed without their own consent are slaves,” he cried. “We are taxed without our own consent. . ” A new prime minister in London, Lord North, took over from Townshend in 1770 and ordered the repeal of the duties, except for a tax of three pennies a pound on tea, which was meant more as a symbol of Parliament’s authority than as a producer of revenue. Radical activists who plotted to bring about a revolution kept stirring up popular resentment against British rule. ” He urged the formation of committees of correspondence and in 1772 set up such committees in every Massachusetts town.
First and foremost was General George Washington, who by this time had achieved the status of a national hero and whose presence lent a high degree of legitimacy to the meeting. Others included James Madison of Virginia, who would provide the basic frame for a totally new government; and Alexander Hamilton, who argued effectively for a stronger and more potent national government. Still other distinguished members included Gouverneur Morris and James Wilson of Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman and Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts, and George Mason and Edmund Randolph of Virginia.
In that war colonists under the command of Sir William Phips captured Port Royal, Nova Scotia, but it was recaptured by France a year later. The War of the Spanish Succession, which started in 1702, was called Queen Anne’s War in the colonies. Then came the War of the Austrian Succession, or King George’s War, in 1740. At its conclusion France ceded Newfoundland, Arcadia, and Hudson Bay to 28 a short history of the united states Great Britain. In all these wars both the French and the English allied themselves to Indian tribes, the French arming the Algonquin and the English the Iroquois.