By John Vance Lauderdale, Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, recognized to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," was once in fact one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged grants that proceed to this present day. On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, girls, and youngsters at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly coated via a blanket of snow, as a snow fall swept in the course of the geographical region. a number of days later, veteran military health care provider John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the close by Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. stunned through what he encountered, he wrote various letters to his closest family detailing the occasions, aftermath, and lifestyle at the Reservation lower than army profession. He additionally handled the wounded, either Cavalry squaddies and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the massive physique of literature already on hand at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private statement of the tragedy, untainted via self-serving memory or decorated newspaper and political reviews. His feel of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specifically about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's existence. His correspondence offers new perception right into a widespread topic and used to be written on the peak of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious enhancing of this enormous assortment, a part of the toilet Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's reviews on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
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He expressed as much fascination over the extremely cold temperatures of the Dakota winters as he had over the extreme heat of Arizona. Fort Sully was situated deep in the heart of Sioux country. It was one of the posts that encircled the Great Sioux Reservation, providing Lauderdale insight about the native peoples. He watched as they drew their meager rations on issue day, which came but once a month, and observed the poor quality Of the annuity goods such as coats, blankets, and pots and pans.
42 As the number of dancers increased, however, so did the pressure on the Indian agents to stop the dancing. Page 24 Daniel F. Royer, a physician and former druggist without prior experience dealing with Indians, was named agent at Pine Ridge in October 1890, a political appointment arranged by Senator R. F. Pettigrew of South Dakota. 45 On 11 November 1890, Royer issued a warrant for the arrest of an Oglala Lakota named Little who had been accused of stealing beef. " Perain P.
In this drill, certain men of the line regiments were added to serve as company litter bearers. The drill consisted of Page 17 marching with and without litters, dressing wounds, picking up and carrying patients, and loading ambulances. In 1889 Dr. John Van R. Hoff, considered one of the creators of the field hospital system, established a school of instruction for members of the Hospital Corps at Fort Riley, Kansas. Drawing on knowledge acquired in part from European army sanitation practices, Hoff was instrumental in establishing both the field hospital and hospital corps concepts.