Heraklit. 1. Der Anfang des abendlandischen Denkens 2. by M. S. Frings

By M. S. Frings

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Extra info for Heraklit. 1. Der Anfang des abendlandischen Denkens 2. Logik. Heraklits Lehre vom Logos

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But he also recognized that this conception of systematicity is never more than a regulative ideal. Thus Kant suggests that fully determinate knowledge of empirical laws can never be more than a regulative ideal for creatures with our cognitive constitution. I. EMPIRICAL LAWS IN THE C R I T I Q U E OF PURE REASON In the second edition of the first Critique’s transcendental deduction of the categories, Kant claims that the categories themselves do not yield a priori knowledge of particular empirical laws.

So any laws or concepts intervening between empirical intuitions and the pure categories of the understanding have to be found and applied by judgment, regardless of for what reason or in what interest they are sought. But Kant now has a deeper reason as well for assigning systematicity to judgment instead of reason: he is now more clearly drawn to the view that some sort of systematic harmony of natural forms, even though it can only be ‘‘presupposed’’ rather than deduced to obtain in nature, is a condition of the application of the categories to any empirical manifold and not just an additional desideratum which is not itself necessary for the basic application of the categories to objects of experience.

FI, V, 20: 211–12) Thus, the principle of judgment is a presupposition of the possibility of the universal applicability of empirical concepts themselves. The assumption of systematicity is required specifically in order to ensure that the diversity of natural forms does not exceed our capacity to discover empirical uniformities. ‘‘In regard to the universal concepts of nature,’’ he writes, ‘‘under which a concept of experience (without particular empirical determination) is first possible, reflection already has its guide in the concept of a nature in general, that is, the understanding’’; but more than the guidance of the understanding alone is required to ensure that for all empirical intuitions determinate empirical concepts can always be discovered.

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