Koguryo: The Language of Japan's Continental Relatives by Christopher Beckwith

By Christopher Beckwith

This is often the 1st in-depth examine of the extinct Koguryo language, which used to be spoken in Manchuria and northern Korea. It covers the ethnolinguistic historical past of the Koguryo country, philological remedy of the resources for the language, Koguryo phonology, and an entire word list of all Archaic Koguryo and outdated Koguryo phrases. particular realization has been given to the speculation and perform of lexically-based historical-comparative linguistics. The genetic courting of Koguryo to eastern is proven to be safe, not like the non-relationship of both language to Korean or ‘Altaic’, and masses mild is shed at the ethnolinguistic origins of eastern. The detailed phonological gains of the underlying transcriptional language, the archaic northeastern center chinese language dialect as soon as spoken in Korea, also are analyzed. Readership: somebody attracted to jap, Korean, chinese language, ancient linguistics, early East Asian heritage, or the comparative linguistics of East Asia and critical Eurasia. educational libraries, learn institutes, and massive public libraries.

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Koguryo: The Language of Japan's Continental Relatives (Brill's Japanese Studies Library)

This is often the 1st in-depth research of the extinct Koguryo language, which was spoken in Manchuria and northerly Korea. It covers the ethnolinguistic heritage of the Koguryo kingdom, philological therapy of the assets for the language, Koguryo phonology, and an entire word list of all Archaic Koguryo and outdated Koguryo phrases.

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Extra resources for Koguryo: The Language of Japan's Continental Relatives (Brill's Japanese Studies Library)

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This leads us to presume that two separate waves of two languages from the Korean peninsula flowed into Japan one after another. Although this unknown language died early, the language might have strongly influenced the formation of Korean and Japanese. , as ‘Koguryo’, ‘Paekche’, and ‘Silla’), as has been the practice based on the geographical division of the material in the Samguk Sagi (Kim 1985: 108-109). In his view, analysis of the toponyms in this way shows no linguistic difference between them except for some typically ‘Koguryo’ words introduced when the toponyms were recorded by Koguryo officials (Kim 1985: 109-113).

The entirety of these languages form the eastern branch of the Altaic languages” (Lewin 1973: 27-28). After summarizing the usual Altaic theory he discusses, approvingly, Egami’s Koguryo ‘Horserider’ theory (Lewin 1973: 29- 18 CHAPTER ONE 31). In a subsequent article on the Japanese-Korean relationship, he agrees with Murayama (1976) that there is a significant Austronesian component in both Japanese and Korean in addition to the main Altaic component, which in his view derives from a ‘Puyo-Han’ branch of Altaic (Lewin 1976: 408-409).

See the discussion of the names of the cardinal directions in Chapter 6. 19 Kim 1981: 178-179. 20 CHAPTER ONE states categorically that “the language extracted from the place-names of the central Korean peninsula, which has been considered to be a branch of the southern Tungus, seems to me to be a language totally unrelated to the Koguryo language, a branch of the southern Tungus language” (Kim 1981: 178). He also explicitly states that Korean is an Altaic language most closely connected to Tungusic, despite the fact that it has a non-Altaic stratum, which is the “primitive Korean peninsula language” (Kim 1985: 246).

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