Transforming Enterprise: The Economic and Social by William H. Dutton, Brian Kahin, Ramon O'Callaghan, Andrew W.

By William H. Dutton, Brian Kahin, Ramon O'Callaghan, Andrew W. Wyckoff

Innovators throughout all sectors of society are utilizing details and communique know-how to reshape financial and social job. Even after the increase -- and regardless of the bust -- the method of structural switch keeps throughout organizational obstacles. remodeling firm considers the results of this variation from a balanced, post-bust viewpoint. unique essays research the impression at the economic system as an entire, and, particularly, the influence on productiveness; the position of data expertise in developing and utilizing wisdom -- particularly wisdom that results in innovation; and new organizational types, as visible within the interlocking and overlapping networks made attainable via the net. The authors additionally study structural alterations in particular sectors, together with the influence of data expertise at the car undefined, demand-driven creation and versatile price chains within the laptop undefined, and new versions of outsourced production within the electronics undefined. the ultimate essays study the societal implications of the varied ways in which info applied sciences are used -- throughout participants, teams, groups, and international locations -- and contemplating questions of entry and the electronic divide.

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Additional resources for Transforming Enterprise: The Economic and Social Implications of Information Technology

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However, nominal output is affected by whether firm expenditures are expensed, and therefore deducted from value added, or capitalized and treated as investment. As emphasized throughout this chapter, IT is only a small fraction of a much larger complementary system of tangible and intangible assets. Current statistics typically treat the accumulation of intangible capital assets, however, such as new business processes, new production systems, and new skills, as expenses rather than as investments.

Hammer, M. ” Harvard Business Review (July–August): 104–112. ” Harvard Business Review (February 1). Hitt, Lorin M. ” Information Systems Research 10(9) (June): 134–149. , Annette Bernhardt, Katherine L. ” Mimeo, Wharton School of Business. ” Journal of Economics of Innovation and New Technology 3: 295–316. ” American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings (May). Kemerer, C. , and G. L. ” Information and Software Technology 33(3): 212– 223. Intangible Assets and the Economic Impact of Computers 47 Levy, Frank, Anne Beamish, Richard J.

All the perspectives highlighted in this chapter demonstrate the potential strategic significance of ICTs across all sectors of society, particularly given the technology’s malleability in meeting human, social, and organizational needs in different contexts. Also a strategic perspective moves beyond the constraints of technologically determinist viewpoints by recognizing that technologies are inherently social, in that they are designed, produced, and used by people. Moreover, their design and use involves know-how, which is itself a social attribute (MacKenzie and Wajcman 1985: 3).

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